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MASTERPIECE2020

Baltic region

Geography is an essential discipline in the modern world applications. It provides the history of various land formations, and links them to culture and the social status in the modern world. Furthermore, it also aids in the establishment of native identity. Identity is only important if it is equipped with valid historical and geographical facts (National Intelligence Council 34). Different parts of the world have varying geographical descriptions that are responsible for the history of humankind (Plakans 4). Despite, the world having different geographical descriptions, it also exhibits similarity between specific regions. For instance, people in the polar regions have similar dressing codes since they experience similar weather and climatic orientations. Moreover, other regions share political systems, cultures and land forming processes. Therefore, this study is focused on the Baltic region. The paper discusses the general profile of the region. It also compares the countries in the region.

The Baltic region profile

The Baltic region is located in Eastern Europe. The region constitutes three countries, namely; Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. It is located on the east of the Baltic Sea that is responsible for the cultural and climatic conditions in the Baltic region. The region is unique since it accommodates more than one group of native people. People in the region are of both Slavic and non-Slavic origins (Plakans 7). Despite these people having a different native origin, they settled and made the Baltic region their home. Currently, the Baltic region has become a tourist destination due to the complex culture, regional pride and the relaxing experience obtained from its coast. They are also a tourist destination due to their centuries old culture. The countries in the Baltic region share similarities and, also have differences (Plakans 7).

Similarities

The three countries in the Baltic region all border the Baltic Sea. Moreover, they also face the Gulf of Riga. The Baltic identity that is shared with the people began at the same period. The generalizations began in the Middle Ages after the Livonian Crusade. The crusade served as the unifying factor and the development of a single identity (Plakans 9). The three countries also share a government system that is democracy. Furthermore, the presidents in the three countries all have their terms running for four years. Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania are NATO member states as from 2004. They are also recognized as members of the European Union due to their geo-political location (Plakans 27). In addition, all the countries in the Baltic region share the same time zone that is referred to as EET. The three countries also use Euros as their official currency. The region is also renowned globally as a result of their impressive employment status. The region exhibits one of the lowest unemployment rates worldwide (Plakans 56). In fact, the World Bank has categorized the three countries among those that pay their workers well (highly).

Differences

Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia also exhibit differences despite being in the same geographical zone.  Originally only the native people from Latvia and Lithuania were referred to as Baltic people. Estonian people were referred to as Finnic people (Plakans 23). Based on this, there is a difference in terms of the languages of the people in these three countries. Estonian people associate with Uralic language while Latvia and Lithuania associate with Baltic language. The other difference that exists in the region is the dates on which they restored their independence.  Lithuania became first in the region to restore its independence that was in 11th March 1990. One year later, Estonia also restored its independence. Latvia had its independence restored in 21th August 1991 (Plakans 18).

Short questions

Question one

One of the major issues associated with the development of the Caspian Sea is the environmental threat posed by River Volga. The river passes over at least 20 percent of Europe land and drains into the Caspian Sea (Plakans 4). The river deposits chemicals and harmful biological products into the sea as a result polluting the sea that is of significance to the community.

Question two

The Javakhk, United Javakhk Democratic Alliance, and Virk are the most prominent movements in South Caucasus (Economist 8). These movements advocate for autonomy in the region, as they need exclusion from the current governments.

Question three

Despite Ukraine having signed a peace agreement with Russia, rebels from Russia still attack Ukraine. Ukraine’s president Petro Poroshenko, signed a cease-fire deal and a few minutes later he stated he was not confident of the deal (Economist 2). In less than thirty minutes after signing the deal, Luhansk in Ukraine was attacked by Russian rebels.

As a result, there was a decline in the economic status in Ukraine. Their imports and exports have been delayed as a result of being at war with rebels from their neighboring country (Economist 3).

Question four

Drug abuse and drug trafficking is linked to Islamic Extremism. Afghanistan is among the highest producers of opium in the world (National Intelligence Council 5). They generate income from drug trafficking and use it to fund terrorism. As a result, terrorism negatively affects the economy status of Central Asia Republics.

Works cited

Economist, “Ukraine’s cease-fire: pseudo peace, economist news”, 2015, [Online] http://www.economist.com/news/europe/21643511-pro-russian-rebels-are-still-fighting-key-town-and-ukrainians-are-waiting-ceasefire?zid=309&ah=80dcf288b8561b012f603b9fd9577f0e,

National Intelligence Council, “Central Asia and the South Caucasus: Reorientations, Internal Transitions, and Strategic Dynamics-C”, National ntelligence Council org, 2010, Print

Plakans, Andrejs. “A Concise History of the Baltic States”, Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011, Print